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Information Technology

A Journey through FISMA Requirements



The Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) of 2002 is a United States legislation that underscores the importance of information security for federal information systems. FISMA has become synonymous with IT security across federal agencies— and for a good reason. It outlines a comprehensive framework to protect government information, operations and assets against natural or man-made threats.

But what does it mean to comply with FISMA, and why is it critical not just for federal agencies but also for contractors and businesses serving the federal government? 

The Core Requirements of FISMA

To demystify FISMA, we must start by exploring its seven key requirements:

1. Inventory of Information Systems

Agencies are required to maintain an inventory of all information systems employed within the organization. Moreover, they must identify integrations between these systems and other networks.

2. Categorization of Information and Information Systems

Based on the level of impact that loss of confidentiality, integrity, or availability would have on agency operations, agencies must categorize information and information systems.

3. Risk Assessment

Regular risk assessments are needed to evaluate the risks to agency operations, including the likelihood and the impact of potential security incidents.

4. Security Controls

Agencies must select and implement security controls to mitigate identified risks, drawing from the guidance provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

5. Information System Security Plan

Each agency must maintain an up-to-date security plan that discusses the security controls in place and policies for the protection of its information systems.

6. Certification and Accreditation

Information systems must undergo certification and accreditation (C&A) processes to ensure they meet the security requirements laid down by FISMA.

7. Continuous Monitoring

Continuous monitoring of information system security involves regular assessments to account for evolving threats. This implies ongoing risk assessment, system scanning, and real-time system updates.

FISMA Compliance for Contractors and Business Partners

FISMA’s reach extends beyond federal departments. Private businesses, especially federal contractors that create, process, or store federal agency data, need to be FISMA compliant. Compliance ensures that they can adequately protect sensitive government information.

The Road to Compliance

Achieving FISMA compliance can be onerous, but with a structured approach, organizations can navigate the journey steadily:

  • Assessment: Start with evaluating your current security practices and controls.
  • Gap Analysis: Identify gaps between existing security measures and FISMA requirements.
  • Remediation Plans: Develop a strategic plan to close the gaps, including training staff and updating policies.
  • Documentation: Keep comprehensive records of security processes, risk assessments, and system changes.
  • Continuous Improvement: Use ongoing monitoring to improve and adapt the security posture continually.

Fulfilling FISMA Requirements

FISMA has profoundly shaped the federal government’s approach to information security. It’s intertwined with national interest, emphasizing the protection of critical information against increasing global cybersecurity threats. Understanding and fulfilling FISMA requirements is not just government due diligence; it symbolizes a commitment to uphold the security tenets crucial to national resilience and security.

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Information Technology

How Cloud Desktops Facilitate Business Growth




In the rapidly evolving digital landscape, cloud desktops are taking center stage, providing businesses with a flexible, secure, and economical alternative to traditional on-premise desktops. Cloud desktops, often referred to as Desktop as a Service (DaaS), have quickly become a linchpin for organizations aiming to scale operations, maintain business continuity, and support a dynamic workforce.

Scalability and Flexibility

One of the most significant advantages of cloud desktops is their scalability. As businesses grow, their needs change, requiring more resources. With traditional desktop systems, scaling up means purchasing additional hardware, enduring downtime for setup, and dealing with the logistical challenges of distribution. Conversely, cloud desktops can scale users and resources up or down based on real-time demands. Such flexibility ensures that businesses only pay for what they use, thus optimizing operational costs.

Moreover, cloud desktops facilitate work from anywhere, at any time, and on any device. This omnipresent availability means businesses can tap into global talent pools and offer flexible working conditions — a critical aspect in today’s job market.

Enhanced Security

Security concerns are paramount for any business. With cloud desktops, enhanced security features are inherent. Data is stored on centralized servers instead of individual devices, drastically reducing the risk of data breaches from lost or stolen equipment. Moreover, cloud desktop providers implement robust security protocols such as multi-factor authentication, antivirus programs, regular updates, and continuous monitoring to protect against the latest security threats. This security-as-a-service approach gives small to medium-sized businesses access to top-tier security resources that would be cost-prohibitive to manage in-house.


Maintaining an IT infrastructure can often be a costly affair, especially for businesses on a growth trajectory. Cloud desktops help alleviate these costs as they typically follow a subscription model, eliminating the need for large upfront investments in hardware and software. Also, IT maintenance, upgrades, and support are usually managed by the cloud service provider, significantly reducing the burden on the company’s internal IT staff and allowing them to focus on strategic initiatives that drive business growth.

Continuity and Disaster Recovery

Business continuity is crucial when unexpected disruptions occur. Traditional IT setups often suffer from a lack of robust disaster recovery plans, mainly due to cost constraints. Cloud desktops inherently offer better resilience, as data backups and recovery processes are a standard offering. The ability to access desktops and applications from anywhere means that even in the event of a local disaster, businesses can continue operations with minimal downtime.

Business Innovation

Finally, cloud desktops enable businesses to be more innovative. By removing the shackles of physical IT constraints, companies can pilot new applications and projects without significant investments. This agility allows businesses to respond rapidly to market changes and capitalize on emerging opportunities. Teams can collaborate more effectively with shared workspaces and tools, leading to an environment that fosters creativity and innovation.

Embracing Technology

Investing in cloud desktops translates into a myriad of benefits that directly contribute to the scalability, efficiency, and ultimate growth of a business. Organizations that embrace this technology position themselves to be more competitive, adapt quickly to changes in the marketplace, and attract the best talent, all while maintaining control over IT expenditures. As businesses continue to navigate the demands of the modern economy, cloud desktops stand out as an indispensable tool for sustainable growth.

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Information Technology





As you should be acquainted, ghostwriting is a standard application now. Celebrities, companies, and authors are utilizing it on a bigger scale and supply enterprise ghostwriting companies.

It is perhaps stunning that you can learn the way many individuals proactively avail of ghostwriting companies. Do you know that companies are readily counting on Enterprise ghostwriting companies?

If you weren’t conscious, this text would spotlight why an Enterprise wants an enterprise ghostwriting company. Allow us to start!

They Are Skilled Writers

Did you ever surprise why enterprise homeowners rent a ghostwriter? That’s just because they’re market professionals with nice insights and main writing expertise for companies. Enterprise ghostwriting is changing widely at the moment as big companies require strong and influential writers for their firms. Arlin Jordin Washington

You Can’t Estimate Their Recognition

The distinct writing strategy an enterprise ghostwriter possesses makes them distinctive and well-known within the writing business. You can’t estimate their recognition; therefore, you possibly can at all times understand how superbly they write a masterpiece with their excellent writing expertise. Enterprise homeowners don’t worry about their writing challenges when handing over the duty to a knowledgeable ghostwriter.

Enterprise Ghostwriting Will Save Time

Within the fashionable dynamics of our world, companies should take care of different phenomenal options for their group to thrive. An enterprise ghostwriting firm permits big enterprises to concentrate on different fundamentals. Therefore, they rent a ghostwriter to save lots of time, and that’s essential.

You Can Lastly Pay Consideration

Whenever you don’t have to focus on the errors, you’ll take note of different issues. That’s the reason companies rent a ghostwriting company so that they’ve hassle-free writers on board. It will get tiring when you need to take note of virtually every part. Undivided consideration is one of the best strategies to make your small business stand out within the aggressive market at the moment.

They Can Seize Your Tone, Fashion & Character

Isn’t it simply superior while you onboard writers who can camouflage your similar persona? Nicely, ghostwriters are excellent at this. They have a terrific thought that may filter your small business tone, fashion, and persona as it’s.

Though, as an enterprise proprietor, you must present the writers with important options, you shouldn’t have to take that problem on your shoulders with the enterprise ghostwriter. They know how you can seize the precise info and flaunt it with their excellent writing expertise.

They Have Expert Writers

Good expertise plays a big function in depicting your writing profession. You can’t have a thriving future as an author if you don’t possess the correct expertise in your arms. Nice enterprise ghostwriters are extremely expert writers who know how you can paint your small business excitingly. Therefore, enterprise homeowners are prone to rent them for writing tasks.

As everyone knows, content material has a substantial demand in the moment’s world. Should you can produce nice business-related content material, it is going to end in prospering your small business.

They Will Present Genuine Data

Enterprise ghostwriters are extremely expert writers who will present correct resourceful info for your small business. Your goal readers are at all times wanting ahead to studying good content material, and ghostwriters are identified for their genuine info within the digital world. Though, the author must dive into the knowledge to know one of the best ones. The energy is in an enterprise proprietor’s hand. They are going to select what ought to come within the content material and what needs to be omitted.

They Know Your Enterprise

A superb enterprise ghostwriter will at all times search methods to know extra about your small business. Writers typically analyze writing the content material. Nevertheless, in this case, state of affairs, an enterprise ghostwriter already is aware of your organization very nicely. When you rent them, they’re solely dedicated to delivering you with one of the best works.

Formatting And Wordings Matter

For enterprise content material, it is advisable to keep a selected tone and voice. The voice of the content material issues essentially the most. In any case, you might be writing for an enterprise. It must be official but participating to learn. Nevertheless, an enterprise ghostwriter will at all times be sure to supply the whole draft in normal formatting. Furthermore, one of the best factors about them is, they may select the phrases that go well with your small business. Chances are you’ll not discover a single irrelevant take a look at within the content material. Arlin Jordin Washington

They See The Reader’s Curiosity

Did you ever attempt to uncover why companies write participating content material? That’s a result of their need to improve their attain within the company world. Enterprises are wanting ahead to participate in the potential readers of their enterprise. Therefore, participating content material is the first pillar to divert their consideration. You can’t construct a reader’s curiosity without realizing them correctly. Nevertheless, enterprise ghostwriters are excellent as they may produce content material that may give your readers one thing to hold on to!

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Information Technology

A Comprehensive Leader for eCommerce Website Security in 2022




In the absence of security features for eCommerce websites to guard their sites from fraud and hackers, online businesses are losing the equivalent of a large amount of money every year. Every online business is confronted with significant security concerns for e-commerce because of online fraud as well as other security dangers.

Based on a prediction that was made by Cybercrime Magazine, the retail sector is expected to be in the top 10 of the most frequently targeted industries between 2022 and 2019. To ensure the absolute safety of the online store businesses need to prepare for unbreakable and effective security measures right from the beginning of the construction process for eCommerce websites.

What threats pose the biggest danger to the e-commerce website?

The frequently of hacking incidents and the risk of malicious attacks that take place globally is what makes eCommerce security a must. Every aspect is at risk when you don’t have the appropriate security measures implemented for your site.

eCommerce businesses are exposed to a myriad of security threats.

Site-to-Site Scripting (XSS)

The fraudulent practice known as “cross-site scripting” is injecting dangerous code, most often JavaScript that is embedded into websites. Cross-site scripting exposes users to risk because it exposes them to threats of malware or phishing as opposed to other threats that harm the site directly.

The guidelines to follow for protecting your site against XSS attacks:

Make sure you use a secure web scanner to check for security holes.

The site’s server and module update must be completed.

Attacks by Phishing             

Phishing is a form of social engineering where attackers employ texts, emails, and phone calls in order to force victims to divulge sensitive information such as passwords and account numbers. Phishing attacks on websites are becoming more frequent and are particularly prevalent in the field of eCommerce. Cybercriminals pretend to be online store proprietors and communicate messages or emails to customers requesting personal details. These hackers design a fake version of your website to fool people into believing it’s the real deal. Arlin Jordin Washington

Informing your clients about Phishing is the best way to prevent it. Other ways to prevent it include using an authentic third-party payment processor, using CVV and AVS when you make an online transaction, as well as making sure your website is encrypted using HTTPS.


It’s a type of cyber-attack in which criminals put skimming malware on sites that manage online transactions to steal customer’s private information.

E-skimming can harm your website in many ways, such as through risky third-party integration, weaknesses on your eCommerce site, and more. The data collected by this attack is either used for sale or to pay for fraudulent transactions.

Check that your website is safe, advise your customers not to provide their details on websites that are not trusted, and urge your customers to check the legitimacy of the payment site to prevent this type of attack.

SQL Injections                                                                       

If you store data from users in SQL in a non-secure manner the security of your website is at risk. If the data submitted by users on your site isn’t properly scrutinized when it is submitted via forms or other methods that are not properly checked, a SQL Injection attack might result. A person who is able to exploit this vulnerability could be able to modify the database as well as being able to access sensitive user data.

There are a variety of phases involved when it comes to building the eCommerce website, which includes the development of front and backends and many more.

Brute Force Attack

The brute force method is a continuous attempt to test various combinations of passwords or passphrases until they are broken. This kind of attack relies on speculation. In this case, the attacker starts with estimation and then tries other combinations until they are cracked. Arlin Jordin Washington

Brute force attacks are not prevented unless eCommerce sites have sufficient security measures. The company that creates eCommerce websites can aid you in creating a secure and secure online store.

The protocols must be adhered to in order to prevent the brute force attack:

It would be fantastic to create secure passwords for administrator access to your site which comprised large and tiny symbols, letters, and numbers. Create a lengthy password that is difficult to crack as well.

Two-factor authentication lets you increase security.

If you include a captcha or another similar tool, you could check the number of web users who visit your site.

You should make it a habit to change your passwords every three months, at a minimum. In addition, it is advantageous to change your password in the wake of any outside work which was completed on your site. Arlin Jordin Washington

Malware, such as ransomware

One of the biggest concerns with cybersecurity for eCommerce is the risk of ransomware or other viruses. A type of software referred to as ransomware stops users from accessing any information or files stored on their devices. It also holds them in a locked room until the ransom is paid.

A network or server hosting an online store can be affected by malware, like ransomware, which blocks customers from using the site or its data, and also compromises sensitive information with hackers.

You can incorporate the latest security technology to safeguard your website from ransomware and other malware threats by utilizing the services of the most reputable eCommerce website development firm.

You can talk to your service provider should you have any concerns like, “How can I design an eCommerce website with greater security features?” They might propose recommendations for the best systems and plans to improve the security of your site.

Bouts via DoS and DDoS

The aim of DoS and DDoS attacks is to render your website inaccessible. DoS or DoS attacks seek to prevent the regular flow of traffic to your company by flooding the website with an enormous amount of traffic that is not intended for it. This is a deliberate attempt to overburden your server or network traffic and block legitimate visitors from visiting your website.

DDoS, also known as a distributed denial-of-service attack, occurs when the same attack is carried out by a variety of devices simultaneously. DDoS attacks can be stopped by an appropriate server configuration.

Which Best Observes Should You Follow to Tighten the Safety of Your E-Commerce Website?

The first thing that comes to your head when you make the decision to start an online shop is “What is the best website builder for eCommerce?”. There are many issues and worries while your site is being developed and your eCommerce site provider should be able to handle them. The most important aspect to take into consideration is the protection of your website from all forms of malicious activities. To protect your website from a variety of eCommerce cyberattacks, here are the top methods for security for eCommerce. Arlin Jordin Washington

Maintain PCI DSS Compliance

Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a standard for data security that is utilized by companies that use brand-name credit cards from major card networks. No matter the volume or number of transactions PCI DSS acceptance is essential for any company or institution that holds or transmits cardholder information. PCI DSS compliance is essential for any business or organization that handles cardholder data. PCI DSS standards can be adhered to in order to ensure data security.

Eliminating Customer Data by Using a Third-Party Compensation Privilege System

The elimination of financial data from customers and using a third-party gateway to handle such information for you are among the most important preventive measures to ensure the security of the financial information of your customers from cyber-attacks.

You can select a payment method that is suitable for your website when you purchase services to build an eCommerce site. Skrill, PayPal, Stripe, Amazon Pay, and other payment gateways that are well-known to third parties are listed.

Eliminate the default passwords for your site

When you install a new module or eCommerce shopping cart has been installed you need to modify the default password(s) that you established during the installation. The risk of using default passwords is that they are commonly employed and are easily guessable and could be the reason behind the brute force attack.

Monitor Basic Data Modifications through Monitoring Software

It is important to be aware that along with the necessity of eCommerce security, regular monitoring of your website’s crucial files could be an effective defense against cyber threats. By keeping track of the essential files, you will be able to monitor any changes and detect security issues prior to them becoming dangerous.

The Value of Regular Website Data Backup

Backups can help you in terms of the security of your website. By regular backups of your website’s data, you will be able to guarantee data security and speedily restore your website in the case of hacking attempts or other technical problems.


Since the internet isn’t entirely secure, having solid security measures on your eCommerce website is vital for providing your customers with an encrypted and secure shopping experience.

The most effective strategy for implementing security measures to lay the basis for a solid foundation for your site should be to employ an expert web designer who knows the safety risks of a site. eCommerce security management should respond to consumer complaints about data security. personal information and take proactive steps.

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