Connect with us

Guides

THC vs. CBD: What’s the Difference?

Published

on

These days, it seems that everyone is talking about THC and CBD. You’ll see it on the news, advertised in convenience stores and coffee shops, and even in your aunt’s Facebook posts. But with so much talk out there, there is also a lot of misinformation. 

When it comes to THC vs CBD, what actually is the difference? Are these substances healthy for you? And will they get you high?

These are common questions and people tend to end up confused when looking for answers. Luckily for you, we’re here to help. 

So if you would like to learn more, then keep on reading and we’ll walk you through what THC and CBD are and how they differ.

What Is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC, is a chemical compound that is responsible for most of the psychological effects of marijuana. THC is a cannabinoid and acts a lot like the cannabinoid chemicals that are naturally made in the human body.  

What Is the Endocannabinoid System?

The endocannabinoid system, also known as the ECS, is a complicated and intricate system in the human body. It was first discovered by scientists several decades ago as they were trying to better understand THC. 

While we are still trying to fully comprehend what the ECS is and how it works, we do know that it plays roles in regulating a variety of processes and functions. These include:

  • fertility and reproduction
  • memory
  • appetite
  • mood
  • sleep

The endocannabinoid system exists and is active in the body, even if you don’t use cannabis. 

How the ECS Works 

There are three main components that make up the ECS: enzymes, receptors, and endocannabinoids.  

Endocannabinoids, also known as endogenous cannabinoids, are molecules that are created by the body. They are very similar to cannabinoids, except they are naturally made in the body. 

There are two main endocannabinoids that we know of: 2-arachidonoylglyerol (2-AG) and anandamide (AEA).

These endocannabinoids help to keep internal processes running properly. Your body makes them as needed. 

Endocannabinoid receptors are found throughout the body. Endocannabinoids bind to these receptors in order to signal that the endocannabinoid system needs to take action. 

There are two key endocannabinoid receptors: CB2 and CB1.

CB1 receptors are mainly found in the central nervous system (CNS). CB2 receptors are mainly found in the peripheral nervous system, especially immune cells.

Endocannabinoids are able to bind to either receptor. The effects that result from this binding will depend on where the receptor is located and which endocannabinoid does the binding. 

Enzymes are then needed to break down endocannabinoids after they’ve carried out their function.

There are two key enzymes that are responsible for this. First, there is the fatty acid amide hydrolase, which breaks down AEA.

There is also monoacylglycerol acid lipase. This enzyme usually breaks down 2-AG.

What Are the Functions of the ECS? 

The ECS is a complex system and experts aren’t sure about exactly how it works or what all of its possible processes are. We do currently know that the ECS is related to the following functions:

  • skin and nerve function
  • stress
  • reproductive system function
  • liver function
  • bone remodeling and growth
  • cardiovascular system function
  • muscle formation
  • sleep
  • motor control
  • learning and memory
  • mood
  • inflammation and other immune system responses
  • metabolism
  • chronic pain
  • digestion and appetite

All of these processes are related to homeostasis. When your body reaches homeostasis, everything internally is balanced.

The current belief is that the job of the ECS is to maintain homeostasis.  

How Does THC Interact With the ECS?

The reason why cannabinoids from plants are able to have medicinal and psychoactive effects within the human body is that they can interact with the ECS. THC is able to get a person high because it activates the CB1 receptor in the brain.

Endocannabinoids also activate the CB1 receptor. So why aren’t we high all of the time?

There are a few reasons for this. First off, THC does not interact with ECS receptors in the exact same way as internal endocannabinoids do.

Also, the metabolic enzymes break down endocannabinoids very quickly. The enzymes are not as effective on THC, so THC is able to affect the brain for much longer. 

THC’s Effects on the Body 

THC is able to create a sense of euphoria in people because it is able to stimulate brain cells and help release dopamine. It also affects how information is processed in the hippocampus. The hippocampus is the part of the brain that is in charge of forming new memories.  

THC can also produce hallucinations. It can cause delusions and change a person’s thinking. 

The effects of THC typically last for around two hours. They likely kick in between ten and thirty minutes after consumption. 

After the felt high has stopped, psychomotor impairment might continue. 

In some instances, side effects of THC can include:

  • pain relief
  • relaxation
  • sedation
  • issues with recalling short-term memory
  • rapid heart rate
  • anxiety
  • elation

Other kinds of cannabinoids, as well as terpenes, can reduce and mitigate negative effects. 

Medicinal Uses

The marijuana plant has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. Many states have legalized the plant for medicinal uses and some have even legalized it for recreational use. 

THC is usually extracted from marijuana. But it can also be synthesized in a lab. Synthesized THC is used to prevent or treat vomiting and nausea that is associated with cancer treatment. It can also boost the appetites of people who have AIDS. 

THC can also bring many other medical benefits. For example, in small doses, THC can improve memory.  

Many consumers also prefer marijuana to prescription pills because it is more natural and less addictive. 

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a chemical compound from the Cannabis Sativa plant. Both marijuana and hemp are varieties of the Cannabis Sativa plant. 

The main difference between marijuana and hemp has to do with how much THC each plant has. In order for a Cannabis Sativa plant to legally be considered hemp, it cannot contain more than 0.3 percent THC.

Because of this, marijuana plants tend to have high concentrations of THC and low concentrations of CBD. The opposite is true for hemp plants.

CBD is a naturally occurring substance and is one of the main cannabinoids of the cannabis plant, along with THC.  

How Does CBD Interact With the ECS?

Thanks to the ECS, CBD is able to affect a wide variety of symptoms. CBD is able to bind to both CB2 and CB1 receptors. 

CBD can also interact with the body via several biological channels. The fact that it can activate several channels at one time may be why it’s able to produce distinct therapeutic effects.  

CBD also has a very interesting relationship with THC. At a molecular level, CBD acts in an opposite way to THC. While THC is an agonist of CB1 receptors, CBD is an inverse agonist.

When THC and CBD are taken together, CBD has the ability to curb the negative side effects of THC. It does this by activating an inverse response from CB1 receptors. 

CBD Won’t Get You High 

Perhaps the biggest difference between CBD and THC is that CBD cannot get you high.

While CBD is psychoactive, it is nonintoxicating. This means that you won’t have any euphoric or paranoid effects. You won’t feel altered or sedated in any way.

It should be noted that there are some possible exceptions to this. First off, some people simply react differently to CBD. These same people tend to feel side effects from drugs like Tylenol and Advil.

You never know just how your body is going to interact with a new substance. So you should also start small and under supervision.

It is also possible that the CBD product that you buy actually has THC in it. This is why it’s very important that you buy your CBD from a reputable source. 

What Are the Health Benefits of CBD?

Scientists are still learning about the possible health benefits of CBD. Many CBD retailers will claim that CBD is a panacea that can cure just about any ailment. While this isn’t true, we can also confidently say that CBD isn’t just some snake oil with zero benefits. 

Out of all of the possible health benefits that CBD brings, it’s perhaps most effective at treating seizures and epilepsy. 

CBD’s efficacy was made famous by the case of Charlotte Figi. Charlotte was a young girl who would experience hundreds of seizures every week. After taking CBD, she only experienced a couple of seizures every month. 

In fact, the only drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that uses CBD as the main ingredient is Epidiolex, which is used to treat epilepsy. CBD is so effective at treating epilepsy because it uses unique pathways to reach the brain, which other medications don’t do. 

CBD has also been known to treat a variety of other health issues, such as arthritis, muscle soreness, and even cancer. 

CBD and Inflammation

CBD is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. CBD is able to reduce inflammation because it inhibits an enzyme known as COX2. NSAID drugs, like Aspirin and Advil, also target COX2 in their method of action. 

By inhibiting inflammation, you can relieve joint pain, reduce tumors, and even treat acne.

CBD Won’t Make You Fail a Drug Test

There are currently no drug tests out there that test for CBD. Because CBD doesn’t get you high, it shouldn’t interfere with your work at all. If you take THC before a drug test, you will likely fail the test. 

With that said, there are CBD products out there that might contain traces of THC. Even if the packaging says that it is pure CBD, it still might contain some THC. And even though it is likely not enough THC to get you high, you can still fail a drug test from it. 

The legality of THC and CBD

The legality of both THC and CBD in the United States is very confusing. At a federal level, THC is illegal to possess, both medically and recreationally.

However, there are many states that have legalized THC, both medically and recreationally.

After President Donald Trump signed the 2018 Farm Bill into law, he also legalized CBD, so long as it came from a hemp plant that contained less than 0.3 percent THC. 

However, CBD is also outlawed in several states. In order to make sure that you are on the right side of the law, it’s very important that you research the legal status of these compounds in your city and state. 

Also, thanks to a loophole in the Farm Bill, Delta 8 THC is also technically federally legal. Make sure to check out this page to learn more about Delta 8 THC. 

The Importance of Knowing the Difference When It Comes to THC vs. CBD

Hopefully, after reading the above article, you now understand the differences when it comes to THC vs. CBD. As we can see, THC and CBD both come with positive aspects.

However, each compound also interacts differently with the human body. By understanding these differences, you can make more educated and confident purchasing decisions. This will help you better treat your own health issues in a natural and effective way.

Are you looking for other helpful articles like this one? If you are, then you should make sure to check out the rest of our site today for even more! 

Continue Reading
Advertisement
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Guides

Uber Really Doesn’t Exist In These Cities?

If you rely heavily on ride-sharing apps like Uber, maybe avoid these places on your next vacation. 

 

 

Published

on





Uber has become such a regular part of our lives that we can barely remember when it didn’t exist. In fact, we rely on it so much that I’d venture to say a lot of people wouldn’t know how to get around if suddenly the ride-sharing app didn’t exist anymore! Well, you might be surprised to learn that Uber is still banned in many areas. So be wary if you’re planning on traveling to these places any time soon.

HUNGARY

Hungary faced the same dilemma that every city and county that has Uber faced: should ride-sharing drivers face the same requirements as a taxi driver? They are, after all, basically exactly the same as a taxi. But in many places, they are most certainly treated differently and not required to adhere to the same regulations. So because of this, Hungary banned the app throughout the country.

DENMARK

Denmark is a beautiful country that can make for a great vacation. Especially a city like Copenhagen. But in 2016 they passed a law that said all taxis were required to have seat occupancy sensors and fare meters. Uber did not like this and just completely withdrew from the country. But luckily at least Copenhagen is a great bicycle-friendly city.

CHINA

This shouldn’t come as too much of a surprise. China regularly goes out of their way to keep their people being exposed to certain luxuries, including things as simple as access to certain websites. But oddly enough, the decision to not exist in China was made by Uber and it was an economic one. They existed there for a few years, but reportedly were losing roughly $1 billion a year in doing so! So they quickly removed themselves from China entirely.

NORTHERN TERRITORY, AUSTRALIA

Uber is still available in most of Australia, especially the major cities. But if you ever end up in the northern territory, like in cities such as Alice Springs or Darwin, for example, you better have your own transportation figured out, because Uber doesn’t exist there. They withdrew from the area after a new law was passed requiring car owners to pay a license fee. Uber saw the fees as too expensive and inefficient.

FRANCE, ITALY, FINLAND, GERMANY, AND THE NETHERLANDS

We’re lumping all these countries together because the app is only partially banned in certain parts of these countries. In Germany, for example, it basically only exists in major cities like Berlin and Munich. While in the other countries, it exists but only professionals are able to use the app as a driver. The average Joe Schmo can’t take it up as a side hustle.

LONDON… MAYBE

Technically Uber is still operating in London for the moment. London did rule in 2017 to ban the app from the city, but as Uber is currently appealing the decision it’s still available. London’s main problem with the app was legal accountability. They were unhappy with the minimal background checks drivers had to go through and Uber’s limited system for reporting criminal offenses. So it could be gone very soon… but it’s still there for now.


Continue Reading

Destinations

Check Out The Next Generation Of Theme Parks

From Disney’s new Star Wars Land to Universal Studios Beijing, there is something for everyone in these fantasylands.

Published

on





The world of theme parks is about to get really exciting in the next few years. A whole slew of awesome new parks are slated to open soon and each one has something exciting. From Disney’s new Star Wars Land to Universal Studios Beijing, there is something for everyone in these fantasylands. Let’s check out the newest crop of theme parks and see why you should be so excited.

 

Pandora – Disney’s Animal Kingdom

Disney is set to unveil their latest creation, Pandora; the World of Avatar is an expansion to their Animal Kingdom in Florida. This groundbreaking theme park puts visitors into the world of Avatar and sets them on the planet of Pandora. James Cameron, the director who brought us Avatar has been deeply involved in the planning and execution of the new park. Expect lush forests of bioluminescent creatures and out of this world technology.

 

Disney’s Star Wars Land

Disney is doing it again but this time in both Florida and California, wherein 2019 it will debut the Star Wars land. Disney purchased the Star Wars rights in 2009 for a record 4 billion dollars and has been steadily exploiting the franchise. From the concept drawings, you can tell it’s going to be massive in scale and should fully immerse fans in the Star Wars universe. I know people will start lining up for these parks early so be prepared to wait a little bit.

 

Paramount Park, London

The long-anticipated London theme park has gone through some setbacks but it seems on track for a 2022 opening. Expect rides from Paramount icons like Star Trek, Indiana Jones, and Iron Man. This 3 billion dollar theme park better live up its enormous hype or there will be some salty Brits.

 

Universal Studios Beijing

Disney recently opened up in Shanghai so of course, their bitter rival Universal Studios had to open a park in the region. So enter Universal Studios Beijing, the mega-park set to open in 2020. There are plenty of fun parks in China but none are expected to be as grand as Universal Studios Beijing. They are attempting to build a park with heart and soul, so expect something huge and grandiose.

 

Warner Bros. World, Abu Dhabi

Expected to rely heavily on the brands biggest stars, Looney Tunes, and DC Comics. The completely indoor theme park will open in 2018 and is expected to dominate the landscape of Abu Dhabi. The UAE (United Arab Emirates) is a little overloaded with theme parks as of recent but this one is expected to be massive.

 

Wanda Theme Parks

China’s richest man owns Wanda Theme Parks and his goal is to make his theme park company bigger than all others. There are ten mega-theme parks expected to open in the next 5 years in China and that sounds crazy. These theme parks will put all other Chinese parks to shame as they are investing in Hollywood franchises and other huge budget trademarks.

 

Expect huge things from these mega parks in the next few years as the technology and budgets just keep growing and getting bigger.


Continue Reading

Guides

Don’t Say These 10 Things To Your Flight Attendant

Being a flight attendant cannot be an easy job, that’s probably why you see a high turnover rate in that profession. It’s also an occupation that has a high burnout rate, meaning people tend to flame out sooner than later. With that being said, don’t be one of the reasons they burn out even faster!

Published

on





 

Being a flight attendant cannot be an easy job, that’s probably why you see a high turnover rate in that profession. It’s also an occupation that has a high burnout rate, meaning people tend to flame out sooner than later. I completely understand as I was a frequent traveler – I’ve seen my fair share of horror stories.

Give your flight attendant a break by not being a huge piece of shit and don’t ever say these things to them.

 

Stewardess

“Excuse me, Stewardess”. CRINGE. They hate being called a stewardess, it’s not the 1950s, you are no Jon Hamm nor are you a Mad Men, so just don’t. There is no need to be rude when dealing with people in the service industry, they have to be pleased with you, don’t make them hate you. Refer to them as “Sir” or “Ma’m” or “excuse me” is even better.

 

What do you have to drink?

Oh boy, here we go, first-time traveler mistake here. It is not the flight attendant’s job to inform you about what beverage the plane serves, there is a menu in your seat back clearly stating all the food and drinks served. Save yourself the embarrassment and the flight attendants time and look in advance. Or, you could just say water; I bet you they have that.

 

What’ up with the internet?

They have zero control on the in-flight internet speed or disturbances in the service. There is no mystery flight attendant internet control lever that allows them to mess with passengers, although sometimes I bet they wish there was. They have enough on their busy hands; they don’t have time to deal with your stupid questions.

 

What about me?

The world doesn’t revolve around you, and this is no different. The flight attendant has no control on whether you make your connecting flight or not, so just don’t even ask them.   Selfishness isn’t going to get you to the plane faster, but what they can help you with is allowing you to exit the plane first. Then it’s up to you if you can home Alone our way through the airport and catch your flight.

 

I’ll turn off my phone when I’m done

No, you will turn it off when the pilot or flight attendant tells you to turn it off. This is a serious crime and if you piss the flight attendant off, they can and will alert the airport authority and have you removed from the plane.

 

The last flight attendant let me

Nobody cares what you’re entitled self thinks you can get away with. Just because some other flight attendant didn’t have the energy to stop you from doing whatever it is you were doing, it doesn’t give you any special right. Plus, they don’t want to hear your sob story about why you are special, I’m sure you are.

 

Are we there yet?

Ok, you are not a child and if you are trying to be funny… you are not. Hearing this even makes me mad. Air travel can be very tedious and having a bad attitude won’t help any situation.

Help me with my heavy bag

The flight attendant isn’t a baggage handler and shouldn’t be expected to lift your overstuffed bag into the overhead compartment. If you aren’t physically able to lift your luggage then ask another passenger and not the flight attendant to help you, I’m sure you can find a strong person to help.

Bomb

NEVER SAY THIS! Seriously, no joke here, you will get arrested and make an ass out of yourself. Also don’t tell the flight attendant that you are not a terrorist, cause literally, you are being the definition of one. In this post 9/11 world, this is never acceptable.

How many alcoholic drinks can I order?

Ok, you lush, why put a limit on it when if you are cool and not acting out of control, a flight attendant won’t stop serving you. Just order a drink or two at a time and leave it at that. If that isn’t enough, then you do know that you can bring your own airplane bottles of alcohol on the plane. They sell them in most liquor stores and in some airports.


Continue Reading

Trending