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THC vs. CBD: What’s the Difference?

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These days, it seems that everyone is talking about THC and CBD. You’ll see it on the news, advertised in convenience stores and coffee shops, and even in your aunt’s Facebook posts. But with so much talk out there, there is also a lot of misinformation. 

When it comes to THC vs CBD, what actually is the difference? Are these substances healthy for you? And will they get you high?

These are common questions and people tend to end up confused when looking for answers. Luckily for you, we’re here to help. 

So if you would like to learn more, then keep on reading and we’ll walk you through what THC and CBD are and how they differ.

What Is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC, is a chemical compound that is responsible for most of the psychological effects of marijuana. THC is a cannabinoid and acts a lot like the cannabinoid chemicals that are naturally made in the human body.  

What Is the Endocannabinoid System?

The endocannabinoid system, also known as the ECS, is a complicated and intricate system in the human body. It was first discovered by scientists several decades ago as they were trying to better understand THC. 

While we are still trying to fully comprehend what the ECS is and how it works, we do know that it plays roles in regulating a variety of processes and functions. These include:

  • fertility and reproduction
  • memory
  • appetite
  • mood
  • sleep

The endocannabinoid system exists and is active in the body, even if you don’t use cannabis. 

How the ECS Works 

There are three main components that make up the ECS: enzymes, receptors, and endocannabinoids.  

Endocannabinoids, also known as endogenous cannabinoids, are molecules that are created by the body. They are very similar to cannabinoids, except they are naturally made in the body. 

There are two main endocannabinoids that we know of: 2-arachidonoylglyerol (2-AG) and anandamide (AEA).

These endocannabinoids help to keep internal processes running properly. Your body makes them as needed. 

Endocannabinoid receptors are found throughout the body. Endocannabinoids bind to these receptors in order to signal that the endocannabinoid system needs to take action. 

There are two key endocannabinoid receptors: CB2 and CB1.

CB1 receptors are mainly found in the central nervous system (CNS). CB2 receptors are mainly found in the peripheral nervous system, especially immune cells.

Endocannabinoids are able to bind to either receptor. The effects that result from this binding will depend on where the receptor is located and which endocannabinoid does the binding. 

Enzymes are then needed to break down endocannabinoids after they’ve carried out their function.

There are two key enzymes that are responsible for this. First, there is the fatty acid amide hydrolase, which breaks down AEA.

There is also monoacylglycerol acid lipase. This enzyme usually breaks down 2-AG.

What Are the Functions of the ECS? 

The ECS is a complex system and experts aren’t sure about exactly how it works or what all of its possible processes are. We do currently know that the ECS is related to the following functions:

  • skin and nerve function
  • stress
  • reproductive system function
  • liver function
  • bone remodeling and growth
  • cardiovascular system function
  • muscle formation
  • sleep
  • motor control
  • learning and memory
  • mood
  • inflammation and other immune system responses
  • metabolism
  • chronic pain
  • digestion and appetite

All of these processes are related to homeostasis. When your body reaches homeostasis, everything internally is balanced.

The current belief is that the job of the ECS is to maintain homeostasis.  

How Does THC Interact With the ECS?

The reason why cannabinoids from plants are able to have medicinal and psychoactive effects within the human body is that they can interact with the ECS. THC is able to get a person high because it activates the CB1 receptor in the brain.

Endocannabinoids also activate the CB1 receptor. So why aren’t we high all of the time?

There are a few reasons for this. First off, THC does not interact with ECS receptors in the exact same way as internal endocannabinoids do.

Also, the metabolic enzymes break down endocannabinoids very quickly. The enzymes are not as effective on THC, so THC is able to affect the brain for much longer. 

THC’s Effects on the Body 

THC is able to create a sense of euphoria in people because it is able to stimulate brain cells and help release dopamine. It also affects how information is processed in the hippocampus. The hippocampus is the part of the brain that is in charge of forming new memories.  

THC can also produce hallucinations. It can cause delusions and change a person’s thinking. 

The effects of THC typically last for around two hours. They likely kick in between ten and thirty minutes after consumption. 

After the felt high has stopped, psychomotor impairment might continue. 

In some instances, side effects of THC can include:

  • pain relief
  • relaxation
  • sedation
  • issues with recalling short-term memory
  • rapid heart rate
  • anxiety
  • elation

Other kinds of cannabinoids, as well as terpenes, can reduce and mitigate negative effects. 

Medicinal Uses

The marijuana plant has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. Many states have legalized the plant for medicinal uses and some have even legalized it for recreational use. 

THC is usually extracted from marijuana. But it can also be synthesized in a lab. Synthesized THC is used to prevent or treat vomiting and nausea that is associated with cancer treatment. It can also boost the appetites of people who have AIDS. 

THC can also bring many other medical benefits. For example, in small doses, THC can improve memory.  

Many consumers also prefer marijuana to prescription pills because it is more natural and less addictive. 

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a chemical compound from the Cannabis Sativa plant. Both marijuana and hemp are varieties of the Cannabis Sativa plant. 

The main difference between marijuana and hemp has to do with how much THC each plant has. In order for a Cannabis Sativa plant to legally be considered hemp, it cannot contain more than 0.3 percent THC.

Because of this, marijuana plants tend to have high concentrations of THC and low concentrations of CBD. The opposite is true for hemp plants.

CBD is a naturally occurring substance and is one of the main cannabinoids of the cannabis plant, along with THC.  

How Does CBD Interact With the ECS?

Thanks to the ECS, CBD is able to affect a wide variety of symptoms. CBD is able to bind to both CB2 and CB1 receptors. 

CBD can also interact with the body via several biological channels. The fact that it can activate several channels at one time may be why it’s able to produce distinct therapeutic effects.  

CBD also has a very interesting relationship with THC. At a molecular level, CBD acts in an opposite way to THC. While THC is an agonist of CB1 receptors, CBD is an inverse agonist.

When THC and CBD are taken together, CBD has the ability to curb the negative side effects of THC. It does this by activating an inverse response from CB1 receptors. 

CBD Won’t Get You High 

Perhaps the biggest difference between CBD and THC is that CBD cannot get you high.

While CBD is psychoactive, it is nonintoxicating. This means that you won’t have any euphoric or paranoid effects. You won’t feel altered or sedated in any way.

It should be noted that there are some possible exceptions to this. First off, some people simply react differently to CBD. These same people tend to feel side effects from drugs like Tylenol and Advil.

You never know just how your body is going to interact with a new substance. So you should also start small and under supervision.

It is also possible that the CBD product that you buy actually has THC in it. This is why it’s very important that you buy your CBD from a reputable source. 

What Are the Health Benefits of CBD?

Scientists are still learning about the possible health benefits of CBD. Many CBD retailers will claim that CBD is a panacea that can cure just about any ailment. While this isn’t true, we can also confidently say that CBD isn’t just some snake oil with zero benefits. 

Out of all of the possible health benefits that CBD brings, it’s perhaps most effective at treating seizures and epilepsy. 

CBD’s efficacy was made famous by the case of Charlotte Figi. Charlotte was a young girl who would experience hundreds of seizures every week. After taking CBD, she only experienced a couple of seizures every month. 

In fact, the only drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that uses CBD as the main ingredient is Epidiolex, which is used to treat epilepsy. CBD is so effective at treating epilepsy because it uses unique pathways to reach the brain, which other medications don’t do. 

CBD has also been known to treat a variety of other health issues, such as arthritis, muscle soreness, and even cancer. 

CBD and Inflammation

CBD is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. CBD is able to reduce inflammation because it inhibits an enzyme known as COX2. NSAID drugs, like Aspirin and Advil, also target COX2 in their method of action. 

By inhibiting inflammation, you can relieve joint pain, reduce tumors, and even treat acne.

CBD Won’t Make You Fail a Drug Test

There are currently no drug tests out there that test for CBD. Because CBD doesn’t get you high, it shouldn’t interfere with your work at all. If you take THC before a drug test, you will likely fail the test. 

With that said, there are CBD products out there that might contain traces of THC. Even if the packaging says that it is pure CBD, it still might contain some THC. And even though it is likely not enough THC to get you high, you can still fail a drug test from it. 

The legality of THC and CBD

The legality of both THC and CBD in the United States is very confusing. At a federal level, THC is illegal to possess, both medically and recreationally.

However, there are many states that have legalized THC, both medically and recreationally.

After President Donald Trump signed the 2018 Farm Bill into law, he also legalized CBD, so long as it came from a hemp plant that contained less than 0.3 percent THC. 

However, CBD is also outlawed in several states. In order to make sure that you are on the right side of the law, it’s very important that you research the legal status of these compounds in your city and state. 

Also, thanks to a loophole in the Farm Bill, Delta 8 THC is also technically federally legal. Make sure to check out this page to learn more about Delta 8 THC. 

The Importance of Knowing the Difference When It Comes to THC vs. CBD

Hopefully, after reading the above article, you now understand the differences when it comes to THC vs. CBD. As we can see, THC and CBD both come with positive aspects.

However, each compound also interacts differently with the human body. By understanding these differences, you can make more educated and confident purchasing decisions. This will help you better treat your own health issues in a natural and effective way.

Are you looking for other helpful articles like this one? If you are, then you should make sure to check out the rest of our site today for even more! 

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Guides

Avoid These Common Cruise Mistakes

From singles cruises to senior cruises, we have it all covered, so bon voyage and enjoy the ride.

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Its cruise season and many of you will be embarking on your first adventure at sea. For all the cruise virgins out there, this helpful guide could make your vacation the best and help you avoid the most common first timer mistakes. Chose the right trip for your lifestyle and pack the appropriate clothing and get ready for the time of your life. From singles cruises to senior cruises, we have it all covered, so bon voyage and enjoy the ride.

 

Bring the allowed amount of alcohol

Most cruise ships make a huge portion of their money on alcohol sales, so look into your chosen cruise company and their alcohol rules. Most boats will allow visitors to bring one bottle of booze on board per passenger so pack wisely. My wife and I enjoy different drinks so we pack one bottle each and will help us save about $100 per person at the minimum. Cruise ships have you trapped so there is no other way to buy drinks but from them. Another sneaky trick is to buy a “gift” of alcohol when on shore at one of your destinations and sneaking it back on board wrapped up. Some ships check when you board so don’t try this on the first stop.

Allow enough travel time

It’s important to give yourself enough time when you travel before and after your cruise. If your flight is delayed and you miss the cruise departure, your trip is officially forfeited and you won’t get a dime back, so make sure you leave yourself some serious safety time. I tend to get to the departure city at least 24 hours in advance just in case.  Same goes for when you return home as cruise ships can encounter delays as well. Don’t allow delays ruin your trip and plan ahead.

 

Bring all Documentation

Don’t forget the important things like Passport or Ticket info, the boarding process on a cruise is pretty quick and they don’t have time for delays. If you leave your passport, most likely they won’t even allow you on the boat if it’s an international cruise.

Extra Splurges

Most cruise ships are all-inclusive with meals, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t splurge on the extras, like fancy dinners.  Sure the normal included buffets are great usually but the fancy ala carte restaurants are 5-star and top notch. I usually will splurge and buy at least a few dinners out and I’m never sorry.

 

Don’t miss the free entertainment

Cruise ships offer tons of free entertainment and you should take advantage of them fully. From plays to comedians and music acts, cruise ships offer plenty of free entertainment that you already paid for, so don’t miss out.

 

Keep keycard on you all the time

Your keycard is your cash on a ship since most are cash free. Never leave your room without your keycard or you won’t be able to buy or do anything. They are used to check in at all the restaurants, bars and casino.

Pre Booked Tours etc

Every time the boat docks there are free tours offered by the ship that are an excellent way to see the destination. I don’t always take the tour because sometimes I just like to wander around certain locations.

 

Don’t forget these helpful tips when you take your first cruise.

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Hawaii Travel Restrictions to Change

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Travelers to Hawaii will need to undergo COVID-19 testing and have negative results prior to entering the state, stresses Governor David Ige, as Hawaii travel restrictions get modified.

Effective a couple of days before Thanksgiving, stricter Hawaii travel restrictions are to be initiated. This is to halt the growing number of COVID-19 cases in the state, David Ige, the state’s governor proclaims on Thursday.

At the moment, visitors are permitted to reach Hawaii by using a pre-testing protocol. Upon reaching the state, travelers can simply upload their test’s negative results on the Hawaiian COVID-19 visitor database and bypass the 14-day quarantine used by other US states.

This current mandate is problematic, however, as more and more tourists later prove to be positive after being allowed passage into Hawaii. This issue, then, compromises the health and well-being of residents, resulting to the prevalence of new COVID-19 cases in the area. Hence, Ige points out the need to tighten border patrol to curb this rampant result.

The said tightening of Hawaii travel restrictions plans to take effect on Tuesday, just two days before the upcoming holiday celebration.

To forego, however, the 2-week quarantine protocol, tourists are required to take the proper COVID-19 test at any of the accredited testing centers or partners of the state. Nevertheless, if the results of the test do not arrive before flying into Hawaii, the tourist shall be forced to take a 14-day quarantine or even stay on lockdown for the duration of his visit, whichever is shorter.

It is essential to note that tourists who do not obtain their negative COVID-19 results before departure won’t be able to enter Hawaii even if the said information arrives just before they reach the state.

Travelers are still provided with the option to skip COVID-19 testing, however. Both tourists and residents who arrive at the border can still opt to take the 14-day quarantine, either at their designated hotels or at home. This option comes in lieu of the lengthy COVID-19 testing queues across the United States as more and more Americans are forced to get tested for the said virus.  

At present, the US still holds the topmost record of the most COVID-19 total cases in the world. As of writing, it already has a record of 12,078,831 positive cases. To prevent the upsurge of the same rapid transmission within Hawaii’s borders, the need to require negative COVID-19 results as part of the modified Hawaii travel restrictions is pointed out.

Nevertheless, Ige explains that the necessity of protecting Hawaiians from the possibility of inbound infection can be skipped by choosing to stay on a 14-day quarantine. Travelers can still opt to remain within their hotel rooms or head straight to their homes, eradicating immediate—and unprotected—contact with locals during the said time period. Thus, tightening Hawaii travel restrictions aims to halt rapid COVID-19 spread as everyone awaits news of an effective vaccine that may possibly help the country—and the world—revert to the unrestricted mobility experienced way before this unprecedented pandemic emergency.

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Explore Dubai’s Adrenaline Junkie Scene

From zip lines to sky diving Dubai is now home to more extreme sport activities than anywhere else in the world.

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Dubai has quickly become the playground of the uber-rich and now the city is morphing into the ultimate adrenaline junkie’s paradise. The city has grown exponentially since the turn of the century and the limits just keep being pushed. In a land known for its opulence and extravagance, adrenaline junkies are finding new uses for the area’s extreme landscape. From zip lines to sky diving Dubai is now home to more extreme sport activities than anywhere else in the world.

Let’s explore what Dubai has to offer on the extreme activity front and see if any of them tempt your adventure side.

 

Dune Bashing

Dune bashing is as violent as it sounds as people race across the undulating dunes in 4×4 vehicles at high speeds. It’s an amazing way to spend an afternoon in the extreme heat of the desert. Imagine flying through the air as your catapult yourself over these heaving dunes. 

Power Boating

The rich love their cigarette boats and the calm waters of the Arabian Sea make for the perfect racing zone for fast boats. You can often see boats zooming across the water at speeds up to 120 mph.

 

Zip lining

What better way to see the city while navigating its busy streets from a few hundred feet above? The city introduced the first urban zip lines in the world in 2015. It’s an adrenaline rush and the best and fastest way to zip across town.

Shark Diving

Where else but Dubai has a shopping mall with an aquarium which you could actually swim with sharks? It doesn’t get more extreme than swimming with sharks. 

Surfing

There are actually some pretty good surfing spots around Dubai, so bring your board or rent one.

 

Skiing

Who says you can’t go snow skiing in the desert? Only in Dubai would there be an indoor ski arena. You can ski or snowboard in this awesome indoors mountain with constant 24-degree weather and a few challenging slopes. There is even an adventure park for skilled skiers and boarders to get some air on the jumps and half pipe.

Diving

Even the odd sport of extreme high diving was recently brought to the adrenaline rich city. The Red Bull Cliff Diving series was held at the Dubai Marina Pier with a 90 –foot platform was erected. 

 

Skydiving

Skydive Dubai offers risk takers the opportunity to fly through the sky above all the man made islands and get the coolest and most unique views of the city. You can try tandem or if you are experienced, you can jump solo.

BASE Jumping

BASE-jumping is considered to be illegal most places in the world except Dubai where the daredevil sport is encouraged and often sanctioned by the government. A private company also has plans to build a 1,000-foot tower for extreme sports like rock climbing and BASE-jumping. Imagine jumping off the world’s tallest building the Burj Khalifa and living to talk about it.

 

Rally Racing

The dunes and the desert are perfect for rally racing either cars or motorcycles. With a wide-open desert as the backdrop to the city, Dubai is made for extreme racing.

 

Urban Climbing

This is an obvious thrill-seeking event in a city with so many tall skyscrapers. With more super tall skyscrapers than anywhere in the world and not strict laws against urban climbing, Dubai is the top choice. All the top climbers are heading to Dubai to climb the Burj Khalifa and it’s intimidating 2,700 feet.

 

Flyboarding

Flyboarding is the new jetpack of our generation. Hooked up to a jet ski, a rider straps water jets to their feet and off they go on an epic adventure. Riders can reach heights of 30 feet while cruising at speed of 25 MPH.

Gyrocoptering

Gyrpocoptering is a new phenomenon that has adventure seekers lining up to try. Imagine flying your own mini helicopter high above the city’s epic skyline in a two-seater gyrocopter.

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