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THC vs. CBD: What’s the Difference?

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These days, it seems that everyone is talking about THC and CBD. You’ll see it on the news, advertised in convenience stores and coffee shops, and even in your aunt’s Facebook posts. But with so much talk out there, there is also a lot of misinformation. 

When it comes to THC vs CBD, what actually is the difference? Are these substances healthy for you? And will they get you high?

These are common questions and people tend to end up confused when looking for answers. Luckily for you, we’re here to help. 

So if you would like to learn more, then keep on reading and we’ll walk you through what THC and CBD are and how they differ.

What Is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC, is a chemical compound that is responsible for most of the psychological effects of marijuana. THC is a cannabinoid and acts a lot like the cannabinoid chemicals that are naturally made in the human body.  

What Is the Endocannabinoid System?

The endocannabinoid system, also known as the ECS, is a complicated and intricate system in the human body. It was first discovered by scientists several decades ago as they were trying to better understand THC. 

While we are still trying to fully comprehend what the ECS is and how it works, we do know that it plays roles in regulating a variety of processes and functions. These include:

  • fertility and reproduction
  • memory
  • appetite
  • mood
  • sleep

The endocannabinoid system exists and is active in the body, even if you don’t use cannabis. 

How the ECS Works 

There are three main components that make up the ECS: enzymes, receptors, and endocannabinoids.  

Endocannabinoids, also known as endogenous cannabinoids, are molecules that are created by the body. They are very similar to cannabinoids, except they are naturally made in the body. 

There are two main endocannabinoids that we know of: 2-arachidonoylglyerol (2-AG) and anandamide (AEA).

These endocannabinoids help to keep internal processes running properly. Your body makes them as needed. 

Endocannabinoid receptors are found throughout the body. Endocannabinoids bind to these receptors in order to signal that the endocannabinoid system needs to take action. 

There are two key endocannabinoid receptors: CB2 and CB1.

CB1 receptors are mainly found in the central nervous system (CNS). CB2 receptors are mainly found in the peripheral nervous system, especially immune cells.

Endocannabinoids are able to bind to either receptor. The effects that result from this binding will depend on where the receptor is located and which endocannabinoid does the binding. 

Enzymes are then needed to break down endocannabinoids after they’ve carried out their function.

There are two key enzymes that are responsible for this. First, there is the fatty acid amide hydrolase, which breaks down AEA.

There is also monoacylglycerol acid lipase. This enzyme usually breaks down 2-AG.

What Are the Functions of the ECS? 

The ECS is a complex system and experts aren’t sure about exactly how it works or what all of its possible processes are. We do currently know that the ECS is related to the following functions:

  • skin and nerve function
  • stress
  • reproductive system function
  • liver function
  • bone remodeling and growth
  • cardiovascular system function
  • muscle formation
  • sleep
  • motor control
  • learning and memory
  • mood
  • inflammation and other immune system responses
  • metabolism
  • chronic pain
  • digestion and appetite

All of these processes are related to homeostasis. When your body reaches homeostasis, everything internally is balanced.

The current belief is that the job of the ECS is to maintain homeostasis.  

How Does THC Interact With the ECS?

The reason why cannabinoids from plants are able to have medicinal and psychoactive effects within the human body is that they can interact with the ECS. THC is able to get a person high because it activates the CB1 receptor in the brain.

Endocannabinoids also activate the CB1 receptor. So why aren’t we high all of the time?

There are a few reasons for this. First off, THC does not interact with ECS receptors in the exact same way as internal endocannabinoids do.

Also, the metabolic enzymes break down endocannabinoids very quickly. The enzymes are not as effective on THC, so THC is able to affect the brain for much longer. 

THC’s Effects on the Body 

THC is able to create a sense of euphoria in people because it is able to stimulate brain cells and help release dopamine. It also affects how information is processed in the hippocampus. The hippocampus is the part of the brain that is in charge of forming new memories.  

THC can also produce hallucinations. It can cause delusions and change a person’s thinking. 

The effects of THC typically last for around two hours. They likely kick in between ten and thirty minutes after consumption. 

After the felt high has stopped, psychomotor impairment might continue. 

In some instances, side effects of THC can include:

  • pain relief
  • relaxation
  • sedation
  • issues with recalling short-term memory
  • rapid heart rate
  • anxiety
  • elation

Other kinds of cannabinoids, as well as terpenes, can reduce and mitigate negative effects. 

Medicinal Uses

The marijuana plant has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. Many states have legalized the plant for medicinal uses and some have even legalized it for recreational use. 

THC is usually extracted from marijuana. But it can also be synthesized in a lab. Synthesized THC is used to prevent or treat vomiting and nausea that is associated with cancer treatment. It can also boost the appetites of people who have AIDS. 

THC can also bring many other medical benefits. For example, in small doses, THC can improve memory.  

Many consumers also prefer marijuana to prescription pills because it is more natural and less addictive. 

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a chemical compound from the Cannabis Sativa plant. Both marijuana and hemp are varieties of the Cannabis Sativa plant. 

The main difference between marijuana and hemp has to do with how much THC each plant has. In order for a Cannabis Sativa plant to legally be considered hemp, it cannot contain more than 0.3 percent THC.

Because of this, marijuana plants tend to have high concentrations of THC and low concentrations of CBD. The opposite is true for hemp plants.

CBD is a naturally occurring substance and is one of the main cannabinoids of the cannabis plant, along with THC.  

How Does CBD Interact With the ECS?

Thanks to the ECS, CBD is able to affect a wide variety of symptoms. CBD is able to bind to both CB2 and CB1 receptors. 

CBD can also interact with the body via several biological channels. The fact that it can activate several channels at one time may be why it’s able to produce distinct therapeutic effects.  

CBD also has a very interesting relationship with THC. At a molecular level, CBD acts in an opposite way to THC. While THC is an agonist of CB1 receptors, CBD is an inverse agonist.

When THC and CBD are taken together, CBD has the ability to curb the negative side effects of THC. It does this by activating an inverse response from CB1 receptors. 

CBD Won’t Get You High 

Perhaps the biggest difference between CBD and THC is that CBD cannot get you high.

While CBD is psychoactive, it is nonintoxicating. This means that you won’t have any euphoric or paranoid effects. You won’t feel altered or sedated in any way.

It should be noted that there are some possible exceptions to this. First off, some people simply react differently to CBD. These same people tend to feel side effects from drugs like Tylenol and Advil.

You never know just how your body is going to interact with a new substance. So you should also start small and under supervision.

It is also possible that the CBD product that you buy actually has THC in it. This is why it’s very important that you buy your CBD from a reputable source like Muddy Boot Botanicals

What Are the Health Benefits of CBD?

Scientists are still learning about the possible health benefits of CBD. Many CBD retailers will claim that CBD is a panacea that can cure just about any ailment. While this isn’t true, we can also confidently say that CBD isn’t just some snake oil with zero benefits. 

Out of all of the possible health benefits that CBD brings, it’s perhaps most effective at treating seizures and epilepsy. 

CBD’s efficacy was made famous by the case of Charlotte Figi. Charlotte was a young girl who would experience hundreds of seizures every week. After taking CBD, she only experienced a couple of seizures every month. 

In fact, the only drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that uses CBD as the main ingredient is Epidiolex, which is used to treat epilepsy. CBD is so effective at treating epilepsy because it uses unique pathways to reach the brain, which other medications don’t do. 

CBD has also been known to treat a variety of other health issues, such as arthritis, muscle soreness, and even cancer. 

CBD and Inflammation

CBD is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. CBD is able to reduce inflammation because it inhibits an enzyme known as COX2. NSAID drugs, like Aspirin and Advil, also target COX2 in their method of action. 

By inhibiting inflammation, you can relieve joint pain, reduce tumors, and even treat acne.

CBD Won’t Make You Fail a Drug Test

There are currently no drug tests out there that test for CBD. Because CBD doesn’t get you high, it shouldn’t interfere with your work at all. If you take THC before a drug test, you will likely fail the test. 

With that said, there are CBD products out there that might contain traces of THC. Even if the packaging says that it is pure CBD, it still might contain some THC. And even though it is likely not enough THC to get you high, you can still fail a drug test from it. 

The legality of THC and CBD

The legality of both THC and CBD in the United States is very confusing. At a federal level, THC is illegal to possess, both medically and recreationally.

However, there are many states that have legalized THC, both medically and recreationally.

After President Donald Trump signed the 2018 Farm Bill into law, he also legalized CBD, so long as it came from a hemp plant that contained less than 0.3 percent THC. 

However, CBD is also outlawed in several states. In order to make sure that you are on the right side of the law, it’s very important that you research the legal status of these compounds in your city and state. 

Also, thanks to a loophole in the Farm Bill, Delta 8 THC is also technically federally legal. Make sure to check out this page to learn more about Delta 8 THC. 

The Importance of Knowing the Difference When It Comes to THC vs. CBD

Hopefully, after reading the above article, you now understand the differences when it comes to THC vs. CBD. As we can see, THC and CBD both come with positive aspects.

However, each compound also interacts differently with the human body. By understanding these differences, you can make more educated and confident purchasing decisions. This will help you better treat your own health issues in a natural and effective way.

Are you looking for other helpful articles like this one? If you are, then you should make sure to check out the rest of our site today for even more! 

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Guides

How To Bring Exposure To Your Corporate Travel Planning Business

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The travel industry was decimated during the pandemic but has since witnessed a resurgence. The importance of business travel is still present as big contracts negotiated in person make everyone more comfortable. A corporate travel planning business aims to make business travel seamless for its clients. The planning associated can include chartering a plane or even a boat for client entertainment. Certain corporations pull out all of the stops to enter into a mutually beneficial agreement with another corporate entity/individual. Exposure is an important part of any business and below will highlight how to gain exposure for your corporate travel planning business. 

Get Foot Traffic To Notice The Business 

Foot traffic noticing a business can be so important when it comes to organic leads. A Florida flag can be a nice addition that also attracts attention. An employee getting attention in front of the business is likely not the image a corporate travel planner wants to present. Location is likely not the most important aspect as digital marketing is very important and will be discussed below. Signage is also going to be very important when trying to get attention from foot traffic. 

Put A Large Investment In Digital Marketing 

Digital marketing is going to be the lifeblood of a number of travel-related businesses. Content marketing is so important when trying to offer an experience to a potential client. The truth is that corporate travel planning can be a headache and this is the pain point the business is trying to alleviate. Social media is essential as promotion without it costing anything is a huge advantage for any business with a limited marketing budget. Take the time to track everything related to digital marketing as you want to ensure the company is getting the best results for the investment. Simply creating generic content is not going to generate any traffic or leads. Generic content might help a bit with search engine rankings but a focus should be put on quality content. Generating multiple types of content and then tracking the return can help shape a content marketing strategy. 

Build Rapport With Clients

The number of professionals that get new jobs seemingly annually can be a great resource. A person that handled travel arrangements in the past likely will have this role at their new employer. A company might be known as the staple of convenience in a local area. Becoming the go-to travel planner for a specific industry can build a niche business that will be successful for years. Clients remember companies that took care of them during the pandemic as well. Solid refund policies and processes are not something that is lost on companies utilizing a corporate travel planner. 

Corporate travel planning can provide services to companies of all sizes. The relationships that are created between airlines and hotels can be worth their weight in gold. Exposure could be all a company needs to take sales to the next level. Offering premium services can be a perfect way to drive client retention which is important to any business.

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Guides

The Best Places to Ride a Hot Air Balloon in the USA

Flying in a hot air balloon is truly a magical experience that everyone should enjoy. Nestled safely in the wicker basket, floating gracefully hundreds of feet above the earth, the quietness is deafening and the views are spectacular. Hot air balloons use a heat source,…

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Flying in a hot air balloon is truly a magical experience that everyone should enjoy. Nestled safely in the wicker basket, floating gracefully hundreds of feet above the earth, the quietness is deafening and the views are spectacular. Hot air balloons use a heat source, usually a large torch to warm up the air inside the balloon and off you go.   The pilots masterfully use wind currents to move and change direction by altering elevations to find different flows.

It’s all pretty rudimentary and amazing at the same time, how these massive balloons and their pilots can navigate as well as they can. Without an actual motor, these pilots are so skilled it continuously amazes me.

If you are not a fan of heights then maybe this isn’t for you, but for us daredevils, it is the ultimate experience.

I compiled a list of some of the best hot air balloon organizations and businesses in the country, so float away friends and find your freedom hundreds of feet in the sky.

 rainbow ryders

Rainbow Ryders

Albuquerque, NM

Albuquerque is home of the world famous Balloon Fiesta, a gathering of thousands of balloon enthusiasts every October. Rainbow Ryders is a FAA certified organization that operates 300 days a year and flies along the Rio Grande River. They have baskets that fit up to 12 people, so bring the whole family and experience the majesty of flight.

 lady hattan

Napa Valley Balloons

Napa Valley, CA

What better vantage point to soak in the magnificence that is the Napa Valley Wine region than with Napa Valley Balloons. Their beautiful balloons will drift above some of the world’s best vineyards and the guides will keep you informed the entire trip. Book an all day tour with them that includes wine tasting, guided bike tours and dinner at the acclaimed restaurant Etoile.

 arizona balloon safaris

Arizona Balloon Safaris

Cave Creek, AZ

Fly through the stunning Sonoran Desert just north of Phoenix. I would take the sunrise tour where the balloon flies just feet above the ground and you can see wildlife and the world famous Sonoran Cacti. Their balloons also get as high as 5,000 feet where you can see for miles and in the distance you can spot the Grand Canyon.

 country traveler

Vista Balloon Adventures

Newberg, OR

Located just a mere 40 miles outside of Portland, Vista Balloon will show you the splendor of the Willamette Valley and even give you a “splash and dash.” This is when they literally touch the basket down to the Willamette River for a quick second. Finish the tour with brunch and mimosas, a real hipster way to end anything.

 travel ur world

Asheville Hot Air Balloons

Asheville, NC

Nestled in the Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville is an artist community and the guided tours showcase the area’s gorgeousness.   The launching points change daily according to the wind and weather, so each tour is unique.  

balloons over letchworth 

Balloons Over Letchworth

Castile, NY

Float high above the Letchworth State Park and view over 20 wonderful waterfalls and humongous gorges that are over 600 feet. The Letchworth State Park is often referred to as the Grand Canyon of the East, so where better than up in a hot air balloon to see the majesty.   They operate tours from April to October, so catch a ride when you can.

 tahoe accomidations

Lake Tahoe Balloons

Lake Tahoe, CA

Lake Tahoe is one of America’s most beautiful places and the largest alpine lake in the country, so a balloon is perfect to check out the entire lake. Spend hours in the thin and crisp mountain air as you glide above the California and Nevada border. They fly every morning, so book a trip soon to soar with the birds and see the heavens while still on earth.

 

Hot air Balloons are a magical experience and I hope you get to enjoy it soon.

 

 

Photos courtesy of eskipaper, rainbowryders, ladyhattan, scottsdaletodo, countrytravelonline, travelurworld, balloonsoverletchworth, tahoe accomidations

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Destinations

Most Outrageous Vacation Rental Homes

Out with the old and stale vacation rentals, I’ve found the most extreme and outrageous rental properties available today. Human nature is to be inquisitive and have a whimsical sense of imagination, so it’s in our nature to veer off the beaten path. We get…

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Out with the old and stale vacation rentals, I’ve found the most extreme and outrageous rental properties available today.

Human nature is to be inquisitive and have a whimsical sense of imagination, so it’s in our nature to veer off the beaten path. We get sick of the same old experiences after a while and for those of us who travel often, accommodations are all too similar.   Every hotel in the world feels and looks alike, all the way from bedding to décor. As humans, we crave change and new experiences, so it’s in our nature to search out something different. With the advent of shared economy websites like AirBnb.com and VRBO.com (Vacation Rentals By Owner) obscure and unique rental homes are much more readily available than ever before.

We’ve all rented homes for a vacation and were underwhelmed upon arrival.   Every time they were smaller, older, less modern or just plain off-putting. Why aren’t there any exciting properties to rent short term that will be memorable and unique? Well, I’m here to tell you that there are and I’ve found them. If you can imagine it, somebody has already built it and is renting it out; you just have to find it.   Here is my list of the craziest and most outrageous vacation rental homes for 2017.

 

larson house 

The Seashell House, Isla Mujeres, Mexico

Holy crap, I feel like I’m walking into a cartoon. The Seashell House is literally made to resemble two gigantic seashells, one round and one tall. There is some incredible attention to detail as you stay in this ocean themed dream home, including conch shell faucets. The two-bedroom home is separated into the two shells, each with a king bed. The house has a private pool and golf cart to cruise around the island. Live like a character on SpongeBob SquarePants, in this seashell hallucination home. Starting at $250 a night and sleeps 4.

 

 treehouse

Secret Tree House, Atlanta, GA

This is AirBnb’s “most desirable listing worldwide,” so get in line, I’m sure this thing is booked out for a while. It obviously deserves the accolades, as it is extremely unique. Its close proximity to downtown Atlanta and secluded feel, this tree house isn’t the same you grew up with. There are no old comic books or baseball cards, but there are two rooms and a wild deck. Its dealer’s choice on where to sleep as the bed can be rolled out of the bedroom and onto the deck for a true nature experience. Starting at $350 a night and sleeps 2.

 

ma daily life 

Akasha, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada

This alpine chateau is the winter wonderland many have dreamt about. With a ridiculous stream fed indoor pool, heated outdoor decks and a stone carved hot tub, visitors are sure to be blown away. Nestled in the mountains by Whistler ski resort, this rental home is built of cedar and has a copper roof. Perfect for winter or summer retreats, this four –bedroom home sleeps 12. Rates start at $2,600 a night.

 

curbed SF 

Silicon Valley Estate, Los Altos Hills, CA

This sprawling 11-acre estate has an incredible layout, perfect for social gatherings or work retreats. Boasting a private orchard, infinity pool and rooftop garden, and the home is made for the Coastal Elite. Beyonce even stayed here when she performed at last year’s Super Bowl halftime show. Come for the incredible views of San Francisco and stay for the ambiance. Starting at a mere $10,00 per night and sleeps 10.

 homedit

Thousand Waves, Maui, HI

Talk about paradise on Earth, Maui has it all, perfect weather, amazing views and this house. A huge 11,000 square foot home with wrap around pool and eight bedrooms, this house can accommodate an entire family. That is a family reunion I would attend. Sitting on the shore of Kahekili Beach, this home has everything for a beach vacation to never forget. Sleeping 12 and starting at $8, 400 a night.

 

These rental homes are out there and who knows what will pop up next on AirBnb? Keep the dream alive that I can someday stay in a pineapple under the sea like my main man Sponge Bob.

 

 

 Photos courtesy of LarsonHouse, anna&SpencerPhotography, madailylife, CurbedSF, homedit, islamujeres

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